Developing an understanding of California's gun and weapon laws can help you avoid the sentencing that you could face if convicted of a related crime. If you have been charged with a crime involving weapons or guns, you should take immediate action to speak with our Oakland criminal defense attorney.
We offer free case evaluations to help our potential clients develop an in-depth understanding of their cases. With years of experience, our lawyer can help you fight your gun or weapon crime to avoid the maximum penalties you could face.
In California, there are three common situations that prohibit possession of a legal firearm: felony convictions, certain misdemeanor convictions, and subjects of restraining orders. At the Castillo Law Office, we have years of experience dealing with gun possession charges in Oakland, San Francisco, Richmond, and throughout Alameda, San Francisco, and Contra Costa County, and our criminal defense attorney is familiar with the all the gun laws and all the possible defenses to a gun case.
Felons are barred from possessing a firearm for their entire life under Penal Code section 29800, subdivision (a)(1). The punishment for a felon in possession of a firearm is a felony, which can be punished by probation or a sentence of 16 months, 2 years, or 3 years in prison.
Some defenses apply to all cases where a person is not permitted under law to possess a gun under California law. One general defense is that the gun was not in the felon's possession. For example, a roommate's gun stored in a roommate's room, particularly if the felon did not have access to the room, does not satisfy possession. Second, the firearm may not meet the technical requirements of a gun. Third, the conviction underlying the felony offense may have been obtained in violation of the constitution, for example the district attorney withheld evidence, the court did not provide a lawyer, or the plea was involuntary. Finally, the defense of necessity, in some situations, allows felons to use a firearm in self-defense.
If you have any questions about a felon in possession case, please feel free to contact our Oakland criminal defense attorney Ernesto Castillo.
Many people are unaware that certain misdemeanor convictions bar possession of a firearm. Under state law, misdemeanor convictions for any domestic violence offense, which are primarily Penal Code sections 243 and 273.5, have a mandatory 10-year bar. Battery under Penal Code section 242, criminal threats under Penal Code section 422, and assault with a deadly weapon under Penal Code section 245, among others, also have a 10-year bar. The penalty for possession of a firearm is a "wobbler," meaning it can be punished by either a misdemeanor or a felony. (See Penal Code section 29805.) The only way to get around this ban is that under Penal Code section 29855 those convicted prior to 2010 can petitioner the court one time for permission to possess a firearm.
Although domestic violence offenses only result in a 10-year ban in California, it is important to note that federal law prohibits those convicted of domestic violence from possessing a firearm for a lifetime. Even those with misdemeanor convictions are at risk of federal prosecution, and will be denied a gun license.
Oakland criminal defense attorney Ernesto Castillo can inform you whether you have been convicted of an offense that prohibits gun ownership, and whether you have any defenses to the charges. Contact our law office for a free consultation.
Possessing or attempting to purchase a firearm while subject to a protective order, temporary restraining order, or injunction is either a felony or misdemeanor offense under Penal Code section 29825. Protective orders are issued in almost all domestic violence cases, prohibiting the alleged abuser from contacting the alleged victim. The ban on firearm possession in this section also applies to restraining orders issued by the family court or the civil court. Often the restraining order or protective order form notifies the person that they need to get rid of all their guns.
The most common defense to a charge of possessing a weapon while subject to a restraining order is that the person never had notice of the restraining order. If the restraining order was never served on the person, the person would have no way of knowing that the prohibition applied.
With many incidents of gun violence and school shootings in the news, gun laws have become more and more strict every single day. The cities of Oakland, San Francisco, and Richmond can be particularly harsh on guns because of pressure to combat gang violence. Since these laws are so technical, it is very hard for many people to keep up to date. What is more, criminal records can be poorly maintained by the California Department of Justice, which results in false charges.
As shown above, however, there are defenses to these charges. Our criminal defense attorney has years of experience defending clients charged with gun cases in Oakland and the surrounding cities of the Bay Area. If you would like a free consultation to see how we can help, please contact us today.
At The Castillo Law Office, we understand the fear you must be facing if you have been charged with a criminal offense involving a weapon or gun. Do not try to handle this case on your own. You can obtain the aggressive and experienced legal guidance of our firm to effectively resolve your case.
Contact us today for the defense you need.